What is an operating system?

An operating system (OS) is the Application Which, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, oversees all the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the working system by making Furthermore, users can interact directly with the operating system Via a user interface like a command line or a graphical user interface (GUI).

9 Popular Mobile Operating Systems

Android OS (Google Inc.) ...
2. Bada (Samsung Electronics) ...
BlackBerry OS (Research In Motion) ...
iPhone OS / iOS (Apple) ...
MeeGo OS (Nokia and Intel) ...
Palm OS (Garnet OS) ...
Symbian OS (Nokia) ...
webOS (Palm/HP) ...

Types of operating systems.

Operating systems normally include pre-loaded on almost any Computer you purchase. Many men and women use the operating system which comes with their computer, however it is possible to update or perhaps alter operating systems. The three most frequent operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. A GUI enables you to use your mouse to click on icons, switches , and menus, and that which is clearly displayed on the display by means of a combo of images and text. Each operating system's GUI includes a different feel and look, so if you Switch to another operating system it might appear unfamiliar at first. However, modern operating systems have been made to be effortless to utilize , and the majority of the fundamental principles are exactly the same.

Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
Microsoft Windows
Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
macOS
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
Linux
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.
Operating systems for mobile devices
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.

Raphaël Hertzog: Freexian’s report about Debian Long Term Support, November 2020

A Debian LTS logo Like each month, here comes a report about the work of paid contributors to Debian LTS.

Individual reports

In November, 239.25 work hours have been dispatched among 13 paid contributors. Their reports are available:
  • Abhijith PA did 12.0h (out of 12h assigned).
  • Adrian Bunk did 13h (out of 22.75h assigned and 19.5h from October) and gave back 6.5h, thus carrying over 22.75h to December.
  • Ben Hutchings did 11.5h (out of 16h assigned and 4.5h from October), thus carrying over 9h to December.
  • Brian May did 10h (out of 10h assigned).
  • Chris Lamb did 18h (out of 18h assigned).
  • Emilio Pozuelo Monfort did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).
  • Holger Levsen did 8.0h coordinating/managing the LTS team.
  • Markus Koschany did 12h (out of 22.75h assigned), thus carrying over 10.75h to December.
  • Ola Lundqvist did 1h (out of 12h assigned), thus carrying over 11h to December.
  • Roberto C. Sánchez did 20.5h (out of 22.75h assigned), thus carrying over 2.25h to December.
  • Sylvain Beucler did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).
  • Thorsten Alteholz did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).
  • Utkarsh Gupta did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).

Evolution of the situation

In November...


A Debian LTS logo Like each month, here comes a report about the work of paid contributors to Debian LTS.

Individual reports

In November, 239.25 work hours have been dispatched among 13 paid contributors. Their reports are available:
  • Abhijith PA did 12.0h (out of 12h assigned).
  • Adrian Bunk did 13h (out of 22.75h assigned and 19.5h from October) and gave back 6.5h, thus carrying over 22.75h to December.
  • Ben Hutchings did 11.5h (out of 16h assigned and 4.5h from October), thus carrying over 9h to December.
  • Brian May did 10h (out of 10h assigned).
  • Chris Lamb did 18h (out of 18h assigned).
  • Emilio Pozuelo Monfort did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).
  • Holger Levsen did 8.0h coordinating/managing the LTS team.
  • Markus Koschany did 12h (out of 22.75h assigned), thus carrying over 10.75h to December.
  • Ola Lundqvist did 1h (out of 12h assigned), thus carrying over 11h to December.
  • Roberto C. Sánchez did 20.5h (out of 22.75h assigned), thus carrying over 2.25h to December.
  • Sylvain Beucler did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).
  • Thorsten Alteholz did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).
  • Utkarsh Gupta did 22.75h (out of 22.75h assigned).

Evolution of the situation

In November we held the last LTS team meeting for 2020 on IRC, with the next one coming up at the end of January.
We announced a new formalized initiative for Funding Debian projects with money from Freexian’s LTS service.
Finally, we would like to remark once again that we are constantly looking for new contributors. Please contact Holger if you are interested!

We’re also glad to welcome two new sponsors, Moxa, a device manufacturer, and a French research lab (Institut des Sciences Cognitives Marc Jeannerod).

The security tracker currently lists 37 packages with a known CVE and the dla-needed.txt file has 40 packages needing an update.

Thanks to our sponsors

Sponsors that joined recently are in bold.

  • Platinum sponsors:
    • TOSHIBA (for 63 months)
    • GitHub (for 53 months)
    • Civil Infrastructure Platform (CIP) (for 31 months)
  • Gold sponsors:
    • Blablacar (for 78 months)
    • Roche Diagnostics International AG (for 74 months)
    • Linode (for 68 months)
    • Babiel GmbH (for 57 months)
    • Plat’Home (for 56 months)
    • University of Oxford (for 13 months)
  • Silver sponsors:
    • The Positive Internet Company (for 79 months)
    • Domeneshop AS (for 78 months)
    • Nantes Métropole (for 72 months)
    • Univention GmbH (for 64 months)
    • Université Jean Monnet de St Etienne (for 64 months)
    • Ribbon Communications, Inc. (for 58 months)
    • Exonet B.V. (for 47 months)
    • Leibniz Rechenzentrum (for 41 months)
    • CINECA (for 31 months)
    • Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires Étrangères (for 25 months)
    • Cloudways Ltd (for 14 months)
    • Dinahosting SL (for 12 months)
    • Platform.sh (for 7 months)
    • Bauer Xcel Media Deutschland KG (for 6 months)
    • Moxa Intelligence Co., Ltd.
  • Bronze sponsors:
    • Seznam.cz, a.s. (for 79 months)
    • Evolix (for 78 months)
    • Linuxhotel GmbH (for 76 months)
    • Intevation GmbH (for 75 months)
    • Daevel SARL (for 74 months)
    • Bitfolk LTD (for 73 months)
    • Megaspace Internet Services GmbH (for 73 months)
    • Greenbone Networks GmbH (for 72 months)
    • NUMLOG (for 72 months)
    • WinGo AG (for 71 months)
    • Ecole Centrale de Nantes – LHEEA (for 68 months)
    • Entr’ouvert (for 63 months)
    • Adfinis AG (for 60 months)
    • Tesorion (for 55 months)
    • GNI MEDIA (for 54 months)
    • Laboratoire LEGI – UMR 5519 / CNRS (for 54 months)
    • Bearstech (for 46 months)
    • LiHAS (for 46 months)
    • People Doc (for 42 months)
    • Catalyst IT Ltd (for 40 months)
    • Supagro (for 36 months)
    • Demarcq SAS (for 34 months)
    • Université Grenoble Alpes (for 21 months)
    • TouchWeb SAS (for 12 months)
    • SPiN AG (for 9 months)
    • CoreFiling (for 5 months)
    • Institut des sciences cognitives Marc Jeannerod

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