What is an operating system?

An operating system (OS) is the Application Which, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, oversees all the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the working system by making Furthermore, users can interact directly with the operating system Via a user interface like a command line or a graphical user interface (GUI).

9 Popular Mobile Operating Systems

Android OS (Google Inc.) ...
2. Bada (Samsung Electronics) ...
BlackBerry OS (Research In Motion) ...
iPhone OS / iOS (Apple) ...
MeeGo OS (Nokia and Intel) ...
Palm OS (Garnet OS) ...
Symbian OS (Nokia) ...
webOS (Palm/HP) ...

Types of operating systems.

Operating systems normally include pre-loaded on almost any Computer you purchase. Many men and women use the operating system which comes with their computer, however it is possible to update or perhaps alter operating systems. The three most frequent operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. A GUI enables you to use your mouse to click on icons, switches , and menus, and that which is clearly displayed on the display by means of a combo of images and text. Each operating system's GUI includes a different feel and look, so if you Switch to another operating system it might appear unfamiliar at first. However, modern operating systems have been made to be effortless to utilize , and the majority of the fundamental principles are exactly the same.

Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
Microsoft Windows
Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
macOS
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
Linux
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.
Operating systems for mobile devices
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.

Raphaël Hertzog: Freexian’s report about Debian Long Term Support, April 2020

A Debian LTS logo Like each month, here comes a report about the work of paid contributors to Debian LTS.

Individual reports

In April, 284.5 work hours have been dispatched among 14 paid contributors. Their reports are available:
  • Abhijith PA did 10.0h (out of 14h assigned), thus carrying over 4h to May.
  • Adrian Bunk did nothing (out of 28.75h assigned), thus is carrying over 28.75h for May.
  • Ben Hutchings did 26h (out of 20h assigned and 8.5h from March), thus carrying over 2.5h to May.
  • Brian May did 10h (out of 10h assigned).
  • Chris Lamb did 18h (out of 18h assigned).
  • Dylan Aïssi did 6h (out of 6h assigned).
  • Emilio Pozuelo Monfort did not report back about their work so we assume they did nothing (out of 28.75h assigned plus 17.25h from March), thus is carrying over 46h for May.
  • Markus Koschany did 11.5h (out of 28.75h assigned and 38.75h from March), thus carrying over 56h to May.
  • Mike Gabriel did 1.5h (out of 8h assigned), thus carrying over 6.5h to May.
  • Ola Lundqvist did 13.5h (out of 12h assigned and 8.5h from March), thus carrying over 7h to May.
  • Roberto C. Sánchez did 28.75h (out of 28.75h assigned).
  • Sylvain Beucler did 28.75h (out of 28.75h assigned).
  • Thorsten...

A Debian LTS logo Like each month, here comes a report about the work of paid contributors to Debian LTS.

Individual reports

In April, 284.5 work hours have been dispatched among 14 paid contributors. Their reports are available:
  • Abhijith PA did 10.0h (out of 14h assigned), thus carrying over 4h to May.
  • Adrian Bunk did nothing (out of 28.75h assigned), thus is carrying over 28.75h for May.
  • Ben Hutchings did 26h (out of 20h assigned and 8.5h from March), thus carrying over 2.5h to May.
  • Brian May did 10h (out of 10h assigned).
  • Chris Lamb did 18h (out of 18h assigned).
  • Dylan Aïssi did 6h (out of 6h assigned).
  • Emilio Pozuelo Monfort did not report back about their work so we assume they did nothing (out of 28.75h assigned plus 17.25h from March), thus is carrying over 46h for May.
  • Markus Koschany did 11.5h (out of 28.75h assigned and 38.75h from March), thus carrying over 56h to May.
  • Mike Gabriel did 1.5h (out of 8h assigned), thus carrying over 6.5h to May.
  • Ola Lundqvist did 13.5h (out of 12h assigned and 8.5h from March), thus carrying over 7h to May.
  • Roberto C. Sánchez did 28.75h (out of 28.75h assigned).
  • Sylvain Beucler did 28.75h (out of 28.75h assigned).
  • Thorsten Alteholz did 28.75h (out of 28.75h assigned).
  • Utkarsh Gupta did 24h (out of 24h assigned).

Evolution of the situation

In April we dispatched more hours than ever and another was new too, we had our first (virtual) contributors meeting on IRC! Logs and minutes are available and we plan to continue doing IRC meetings every other month.
Sadly one contributor decided to go inactive in April, Hugo Lefeuvre.
Finally, we like to remind you, that the end of Jessie LTS is coming in less than two months!
In case you missed it (or missed to act), please read this post about keeping Debian 8 Jessie alive for longer than 5 years. If you expect to have Debian 8 servers/devices running after June 30th 2020, and would like to have security updates for them, please get in touch with Freexian.

The security tracker currently lists 4 packages with a known CVE and the dla-needed.txt file has 25 packages needing an update.

Thanks to our sponsors

New sponsors are in bold.

  • Platinum sponsors:
    • TOSHIBA (for 56 months)
    • GitHub (for 46 months)
    • Civil Infrastructure Platform (CIP) (for 24 months)
  • Gold sponsors:
    • Blablacar (for 71 months)
    • Roche Diagnostics International AG (for 67 months)
    • Linode (for 61 months)
    • Babiel GmbH (for 50 months)
    • Plat’Home (for 49 months)
    • University of Oxford (for 6 months)
  • Silver sponsors:
    • The Positive Internet Company (for 72 months)
    • Domeneshop AS (for 71 months)
    • Nantes Métropole (for 65 months)
    • Univention GmbH (for 57 months)
    • Université Jean Monnet de St Etienne (for 57 months)
    • Ribbon Communications, Inc. (for 51 months)
    • Exonet B.V. (for 40 months)
    • Leibniz Rechenzentrum (for 34 months)
    • CINECA (for 24 months)
    • Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires Étrangères (for 18 months)
    • Cloudways Ltd (for 7 months)
    • Dinahosting SL (for 5 months)
  • Bronze sponsors:
    • Seznam.cz, a.s. (for 72 months)
    • Evolix (for 71 months)
    • MyTux (for 71 months)
    • Linuxhotel GmbH (for 69 months)
    • Intevation GmbH (for 68 months)
    • Daevel SARL (for 67 months)
    • Bitfolk LTD (for 66 months)
    • Megaspace Internet Services GmbH (for 66 months)
    • Greenbone Networks GmbH (for 65 months)
    • NUMLOG (for 65 months)
    • WinGo AG (for 64 months)
    • Ecole Centrale de Nantes – LHEEA (for 61 months)
    • Sig-I/O (for 58 months)
    • Entr’ouvert (for 56 months)
    • Adfinis SyGroup AG (for 53 months)
    • Laboratoire LEGI – UMR 5519 / CNRS (for 48 months)
    • Tesorion (for 48 months)
    • GNI MEDIA (for 47 months)
    • Bearstech (for 39 months)
    • LiHAS (for 39 months)
    • People Doc (for 35 months)
    • Catalyst IT Ltd (for 33 months)
    • Supagro (for 29 months)
    • Demarcq SAS (for 27 months)
    • Université Grenoble Alpes (for 14 months)
    • TouchWeb SAS (for 6 months)
    • SPiN AG

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