What is an operating system?

An operating system (OS) is the Application Which, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, oversees all the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the working system by making Furthermore, users can interact directly with the operating system Via a user interface like a command line or a graphical user interface (GUI).

9 Popular Mobile Operating Systems

Android OS (Google Inc.) ...
2. Bada (Samsung Electronics) ...
BlackBerry OS (Research In Motion) ...
iPhone OS / iOS (Apple) ...
MeeGo OS (Nokia and Intel) ...
Palm OS (Garnet OS) ...
Symbian OS (Nokia) ...
webOS (Palm/HP) ...

Types of operating systems.

Operating systems normally include pre-loaded on almost any Computer you purchase. Many men and women use the operating system which comes with their computer, however it is possible to update or perhaps alter operating systems. The three most frequent operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. A GUI enables you to use your mouse to click on icons, switches , and menus, and that which is clearly displayed on the display by means of a combo of images and text. Each operating system's GUI includes a different feel and look, so if you Switch to another operating system it might appear unfamiliar at first. However, modern operating systems have been made to be effortless to utilize , and the majority of the fundamental principles are exactly the same.

Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
Microsoft Windows
Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
macOS
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
Linux
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.
Operating systems for mobile devices
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.

Santiago Zarate: Looking for exceptions with awk

Sometimes you just need to search using awk or want to use plain bash to search for an exception in a log file, it’s hard to go into google, stack overflow, duck duck go, or any other place to do a search, and find nothing, or at least a solution that fits your needs.

In my case, I wanted to know where a package was generating a conflict for a friend, and ended up scratching my head, because I didn’t want to write yet another domain specific function to use on the test framework of openQA, and I’m very stubborn, I ended up with the following solution

journalctl -k | awk 'BEGIN {print "Error - ",NR; group=0}
/ACPI BIOS Error (bug)/,/ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND/{ print group"|", 
	$0; if ($0 ~ /ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND,/ ){ print "EOL"; group++ }; 
}'

This is short for:

  • Define $START_PATTERN as /ACPI BIOS Error (bug)/, and $END_PATTERN as /ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND/
  • Look for $START_PATTERN
  • Look for $END_PATTERN
  • If you find $END_PATTERN add an EOL marker (that is not needed, since the group variable will be incremented)

And there you go: How to search for exceptions in logs, of course it could be more complicated, because you can have nested cases and whatnot, but for...


Sometimes you just need to search using awk or want to use plain bash to search for an exception in a log file, it’s hard to go into google, stack overflow, duck duck go, or any other place to do a search, and find nothing, or at least a solution that fits your needs.

In my case, I wanted to know where a package was generating a conflict for a friend, and ended up scratching my head, because I didn’t want to write yet another domain specific function to use on the test framework of openQA, and I’m very stubborn, I ended up with the following solution

journalctl -k | awk 'BEGIN {print "Error - ",NR; group=0}
/ACPI BIOS Error \(bug\)/,/ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND/{ print group"|", 
	$0; if ($0 ~ /ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND,/ ){ print "EOL"; group++ }; 
}'

This is short for:

  • Define $START_PATTERN as /ACPI BIOS Error \(bug\)/, and $END_PATTERN as /ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND/
  • Look for $START_PATTERN
  • Look for $END_PATTERN
  • If you find $END_PATTERN add an EOL marker (that is not needed, since the group variable will be incremented)

And there you go: How to search for exceptions in logs, of course it could be more complicated, because you can have nested cases and whatnot, but for now, this does exactly what I need:

EOL
10| May 20 12:38:36 deimos kernel: ACPI BIOS Error (bug): Could not resolve symbol [\_SB.PCI0.LPCB.HEC.CHRG], AE_NOT_FOUND (20200110/psargs-330)
10| May 20 12:38:36 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: Aborting method \PNOT due to previous error (AE_NOT_FOUND) (20200110/psparse-529)
10| May 20 12:38:36 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: Aborting method \_SB.AC._PSR due to previous error (AE_NOT_FOUND) (20200110/psparse-529)
10| May 20 12:38:36 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND, Error reading AC Adapter state (20200110/ac-115)
EOL
11| May 20 12:39:12 deimos kernel: ACPI BIOS Error (bug): Could not resolve symbol [\_SB.PCI0.LPCB.HEC.CHRG], AE_NOT_FOUND (20200110/psargs-330)
11| May 20 12:39:12 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: Aborting method \PNOT due to previous error (AE_NOT_FOUND) (20200110/psparse-529)
11| May 20 12:39:12 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: Aborting method \_SB.AC._PSR due to previous error (AE_NOT_FOUND) (20200110/psparse-529)
11| May 20 12:39:12 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND, Error reading AC Adapter state (20200110/ac-115)
EOL
12| May 20 13:37:41 deimos kernel: ACPI BIOS Error (bug): Could not resolve symbol [\_SB.PCI0.LPCB.HEC.CHRG], AE_NOT_FOUND (20200110/psargs-330)
12| May 20 13:37:41 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: Aborting method \PNOT due to previous error (AE_NOT_FOUND) (20200110/psparse-529)
12| May 20 13:37:41 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: Aborting method \_SB.AC._PSR due to previous error (AE_NOT_FOUND) (20200110/psparse-529)
12| May 20 13:37:41 deimos kernel: ACPI Error: AE_NOT_FOUND, Error reading AC Adapter state (20200110/ac-115)
EOL

So I could later write some code that looks per string, separates the string using the pipe | discards the group id, and adds that record to an array of arrays or hashes: [ {group: id, errors: [error string .. error string] ]


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