What is an operating system?

An operating system (OS) is the Application Which, after being initially loaded into the computer by a boot program, oversees all the other application programs in a computer. The application programs make use of the working system by making Furthermore, users can interact directly with the operating system Via a user interface like a command line or a graphical user interface (GUI).

9 Popular Mobile Operating Systems

Android OS (Google Inc.) ...
2. Bada (Samsung Electronics) ...
BlackBerry OS (Research In Motion) ...
iPhone OS / iOS (Apple) ...
MeeGo OS (Nokia and Intel) ...
Palm OS (Garnet OS) ...
Symbian OS (Nokia) ...
webOS (Palm/HP) ...

Types of operating systems.

Operating systems normally include pre-loaded on almost any Computer you purchase. Many men and women use the operating system which comes with their computer, however it is possible to update or perhaps alter operating systems. The three most frequent operating systems for personal computers are Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux. A GUI enables you to use your mouse to click on icons, switches , and menus, and that which is clearly displayed on the display by means of a combo of images and text. Each operating system's GUI includes a different feel and look, so if you Switch to another operating system it might appear unfamiliar at first. However, modern operating systems have been made to be effortless to utilize , and the majority of the fundamental principles are exactly the same.

Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
Microsoft Windows
Microsoft established the Windows operating platform at the mid-1980s. There have been a number of distinct variants of Windows, but the latest ones are Windows 10 (published in 2015), Windows 8 (2012), Windows 7 (2009), along with Windows Vista (2007). Windows includes pre-loaded on many new PCs, which helps to ensure it is the hottest operating system on the planet.
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
macOS
MacOS (formerly called OS X) is a Lineup of operating systems made by Apple. It comes preloaded on all Macintosh computers, or Macs. A number of the specific models include Mojave (published in 2018), High Sierra (2017), and Sierra (2016). Based on StatCounter Global Stats, macOS users accounts for significantly less than 10 percent of international functioning systems--considerably lower than the percent of Windows users (greater than 80 percent ). 1 reason behind this is that Apple computers have a tendency to be costlier. But a lot of individuals do prefer the appearance and feel of macOS over Windows.
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
Linux
Linux (pronounced LINN-ux) is a household of open-source operating systems, so they may be altered and distributed by all around the globe. This differs from proprietary program such as Windows, which may only be altered by the organization that owns it. The benefits of Linux are that it's free, and there are several different distributions or variations you may select from. Based on StatCounter Global Stats, Linux users accounts for under 2 percent of international functioning systems. But most servers run Linux since it's relatively simple to personalize.
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.
Operating systems for mobile devices
The operating systems we have been speaking about so much were created to operate on desktop and notebook computers. Mobile apparatus like telephones , tablets , and MP3 players Are distinct from desktop and notebook computers, so that they run operating systems that have been designed especially for mobile devices. From the screenshot below, you can view iOS running in an iPad. Operating systems for mobile devices normally are not as fully featured As those created for desktop and notebook computers, and they are not capable to Run each the exact same software. But, you can still perform a Great Deal of things Together, like watch videos, browse the net, manage your calendarand play games.

Raphaël Hertzog: Freexian’s report about Debian Long Term Support, May 2020

A Debian LTS logo Like each month, here comes a report about the work of paid contributors to Debian LTS.

Individual reports

In May, 198 work hours have been dispatched among 14 paid contributors. Their reports are available:
  • Abhijith PA did 18.0h (out of 14h assigned and 4h from April).
  • Anton Gladky gave back the assigned 10h and declared himself inactive.
  • Ben Hutchings did 19.75h (out of 17.25h assigned and 2.5h from April).
  • Brian May did 10h (out of 10h assigned).
  • Chris Lamb did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Dylan Aïssi gave back the assigned 6h and declared himself inactive.
  • Emilio Pozuelo Monfort did not manage to work LTS in May and now reported 5h work in April (out of 17.25h assigned plus 46h from April), thus is carrying over 58.25h for June.
  • Markus Koschany did 25.0h (out of 17.25h assigned and 56h from April), thus carrying over 48.25h to June.
  • Mike Gabriel did 14.50h (out of 8h assigned and 6.5h from April).
  • Ola Lundqvist did 11.5h (out of 12h assigned and 7h from April), thus carrying over 7.5h to June.
  • Roberto C. Sánchez did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Sylvain Beucler did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Thorsten Alteholz did 17.25h (out of...

A Debian LTS logo Like each month, here comes a report about the work of paid contributors to Debian LTS.

Individual reports

In May, 198 work hours have been dispatched among 14 paid contributors. Their reports are available:
  • Abhijith PA did 18.0h (out of 14h assigned and 4h from April).
  • Anton Gladky gave back the assigned 10h and declared himself inactive.
  • Ben Hutchings did 19.75h (out of 17.25h assigned and 2.5h from April).
  • Brian May did 10h (out of 10h assigned).
  • Chris Lamb did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Dylan Aïssi gave back the assigned 6h and declared himself inactive.
  • Emilio Pozuelo Monfort did not manage to work LTS in May and now reported 5h work in April (out of 17.25h assigned plus 46h from April), thus is carrying over 58.25h for June.
  • Markus Koschany did 25.0h (out of 17.25h assigned and 56h from April), thus carrying over 48.25h to June.
  • Mike Gabriel did 14.50h (out of 8h assigned and 6.5h from April).
  • Ola Lundqvist did 11.5h (out of 12h assigned and 7h from April), thus carrying over 7.5h to June.
  • Roberto C. Sánchez did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Sylvain Beucler did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Thorsten Alteholz did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).
  • Utkarsh Gupta did 17.25h (out of 17.25h assigned).

Evolution of the situation

In May 2020 we had our second (virtual) contributors meeting on IRC, Logs and minutes are available online. Then we also moved our ToDo from the Debian wiki to the issue tracker on salsa.debian.org.
Sadly three contributors went inactive in May: Adrian Bunk, Anton Gladky and Dylan Aïssi. And while there are currently still enough active contributors to shoulder the existing work, we like to use this opportunity that we are always looking for new contributors. Please mail Holger if you are interested.
Finally, we like to remind you for a last time, that the end of Jessie LTS is coming in less than a month!
In case you missed it (or missed to act), please read this post about keeping Debian 8 Jessie alive for longer than 5 years. If you expect to have Debian 8 servers/devices running after June 30th 2020, and would like to have security updates for them, please get in touch with Freexian.

The security tracker currently lists 6 packages with a known CVE and the dla-needed.txt file has 30 packages needing an update.

Thanks to our sponsors

New sponsors are in bold. With the upcoming start of Jessie ELTS, we are welcoming a few new sponsors and others should join soon.

  • Platinum sponsors:
    • TOSHIBA (for 57 months)
    • GitHub (for 47 months)
    • Civil Infrastructure Platform (CIP) (for 25 months)
  • Gold sponsors:
    • Blablacar (for 72 months)
    • Roche Diagnostics International AG (for 68 months)
    • Linode (for 62 months)
    • Babiel GmbH (for 51 months)
    • Plat’Home (for 50 months)
    • University of Oxford (for 7 months)
  • Silver sponsors:
    • The Positive Internet Company (for 73 months)
    • Domeneshop AS (for 72 months)
    • Nantes Métropole (for 66 months)
    • Univention GmbH (for 58 months)
    • Université Jean Monnet de St Etienne (for 58 months)
    • Ribbon Communications, Inc. (for 52 months)
    • Exonet B.V. (for 41 months)
    • Leibniz Rechenzentrum (for 36 months)
    • CINECA (for 25 months)
    • Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires Étrangères (for 19 months)
    • Cloudways Ltd (for 8 months)
    • Dinahosting SL (for 6 months)
    • Platform.sh
    • Bauer Xcel Media Deutschland KG
  • Bronze sponsors:
    • Evolix (for 73 months)
    • Seznam.cz, a.s. (for 73 months)
    • MyTux (for 72 months)
    • Linuxhotel GmbH (for 70 months)
    • Intevation GmbH (for 69 months)
    • Daevel SARL (for 68 months)
    • Bitfolk LTD (for 67 months)
    • Megaspace Internet Services GmbH (for 67 months)
    • Greenbone Networks GmbH (for 66 months)
    • NUMLOG (for 66 months)
    • WinGo AG (for 65 months)
    • Ecole Centrale de Nantes – LHEEA (for 62 months)
    • Sig-I/O (for 59 months)
    • Entr’ouvert (for 57 months)
    • Adfinis AG (for 54 months)
    • Laboratoire LEGI – UMR 5519 / CNRS (for 49 months)
    • Tesorion (for 49 months)
    • GNI MEDIA (for 48 months)
    • Bearstech (for 40 months)
    • LiHAS (for 40 months)
    • People Doc (for 36 months)
    • Catalyst IT Ltd (for 35 months)
    • Supagro (for 30 months)
    • Demarcq SAS (for 29 months)
    • Université Grenoble Alpes (for 15 months)
    • TouchWeb SAS (for 7 months)
    • SPiN AG (for 3 months)

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